The following are different types of herpes test used to diagnose herpes. Each test has it’s own purpose and depending on the degree of your infection, you may need to one or more of these tests.
Herpes Viral Culture
An assigned individual collects the fluid or cells from an active sore using a cotton swab and places it in a culture dish. Typically a viral culture is deemed as the most precise technique for diagnosing a herpes infection.
Herpes Virus Antigen Detection Test
An assigned person scrapes off cells from a fresh sore and then smears it into a slide. This test identifies markers (known as antigens) on the infected cell surface. This test could be conducted instead of a viral culture.
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) Test
PCR test can be conducted on blood on or fluid or cells from a sore or on other fluid (like the individual’s spinal fluid). PCR spots the DNA (genetic material) of the Herpes Simplex virus. The test can identify between HSV type one and type two. The PCR test isn’t commonly conducted on the dermal lesions themselves, but it’s best for spinal fluid testing, for rare instances in which herpes could be initiating infection around or in the brain.
Blood tests can spot antibodies made by the body’s immune system to combat a herpes infection. Antibody tests are infrequently conducted but aren’t as precise as the viral culture at recognizing the cause of a certain ulcer or sore. Antibody tests can’t tell between a present, active infection and a previous infection. Since antibodies take time to mature following the primary infection, a positive antibody test could not appear if you’ve recently been infected. A few blood tests can spot the difference between type one and type two.
Herpes testing is carried out to spot where it is, in fact, HSV that’s causing sores that could occur in the genital or mouth area. Frequently the tests are done because the individual has a sore outbreak and comes in just to know what’s causing it.
If you’re planning a herpes test, do what you have to do to prepare for the tests. And determine if there are any certain things you have to do or avoid.
How to Be Ready for a Herpes Test
If you believe you could have herpes and are waiting to get tested or acquire the results of the tests, you must avoid any form sexual contact until you visit your physician again. Even if there’s no herpes cure, you can still pass it on to others, particularly if an active outbreak occurs. Furthermore, if herpes isn’t causing your sores, still, you don’t want to pass what you have on to somebody else.
If the doctor takes a urethral sample, you’ll be instructed not to pee for two hours before the test. If a cervical sample is taken, women shouldn’t douche twenty-four hours before the test is conducted.