If you are familiar with Herpes but don’t have a working knowledge of how the disease works, then you have come to the right place. In this section, we will briefly discuss what Herpes simplex is and how it is acquired.
What Herpes Is
There are two types of herpes; Herpes Simplex Virus 1 (HSV – 1) and Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HSV – 2). They can both be submitted sexually due to direct contact.
Herpes affects many people in the population. 85% of the population have been exposed to Herpes Simplex virus 1, 20% of sexually active people has been exposed to Herpes Simplex virus 2.
HSV – 1 is more likely to cause mouth sores and blisters. Whereas HSV – 2 is much more likely to cause genital sores and blisters.
How is Herpes Acquired
Herpes can lie dormant for some time, and then become active. Herpes infection can spread by direct contact, especially when there’s an outbreak of sores or blisters. But also when there are non-obvious signs and symptoms. Such direct contact includes:
• Mouth to mouth contact
• Mouth to genital contact
• Genital to genital contact
• Mouth to anus contact
• Penis to anus contact
• Mother to baby during birth
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and Symptoms of genital herpes in women and men can include pain, tingling, burning, and blisters.
In recurring active herpes, the symptoms may be similar, but are often not as bad as the first outbreak. Blisters can occur in one area or one side of the body. Secondary infections may also occur. Sometimes, this is due to bacteria getting into a sore or a blister.